International Narcotic Drugs Policy
The cooperation in the field of narcotic drugs is carried out at the United Nations (UN) level on the basis of the United Nations Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs of 1961, the Convention on Psychotropic Substances of 1971 and the Convention against Illicit Traffic in Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances of 1988.
They oblige the member states to control the manufacture and the distribution of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, to fight drug abuse and illicit drug trafficking, to establish the administrative structures necessary to that end and to report to the international bodies on their activities.
United Nations Commission on Narcotic Drugs
Germany is a member of the United Nations Commission on Narcotic Drugs (CND), which holds a week-long meeting in Vienna every year in March. Headed by the Drug Commissioner of the Federal Government, the German delegation, which comprises representatives of the various ministries involved, is actively committed to the work of the CND, both in plenary sessions and in the 'Committee of the Whole' as well as in task forces concerned with negotiating the resolutions.
United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
The United Nations International Drug Control Programme (UNDCP), which is implemented by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC), has been receiving financial support from the Federal Republic of Germany for many years.
Mr Yury Fedotov took over the function of Executive Director of the UNODC on 13 September 2010.
Under his leadership the UNODC will focus on five key issues: the fight against organised crime and drug smuggling as well as illicit human and arms trafficking, the development of legal systems within the scope of crime prevention, the fight against corruption, the prevention of drug abuse and prevalence of HIV/AIDS, in particular among prisoners and other vulnerable groups, and the fight against terrorism.
United Nations International Narcotics Control Board
The International Narcotics Control Board (INCB) is an independent supervisory body for monitoring compliance with the three United Nations Conventions mentioned above. It consists of 13 independent members.
In fulfilment of its obligations the INCB presents forecasts on the demand for narcotic drugs, monitors and promotes governmental measures on preventing the diversion of chemicals which are frequently used for the illicit manufacture of narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances, analyses information and maintains an ongoing dialogue with governments to support them in performing their duties within the scope of the conventions related to narcotic drugs and psychotropic substances.